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EN1300 Composition II

Library Resources for Composition II

What is an in-text citation?

An in-text citation is found in the body of a research paper. It tells your reader where you found any information or ideas that are not your own. It is a shortened citation in parentheses and includes the author’s last name, publication year, and the page number (if quoting). 

When is an in-text citation required?

An in-text citation is required whenever you use someone else’s words or ideas:

  • Quoting – Using someone else’s exact words. Make sure to include a page number. If a quote is more than 40 words, use the directions on the last two pages of the handout linked above.
  • Paraphrasing – Rephrasing someone’s writing or ideas into your own words. Page number not required but include if it will help your reader locate the relevant information.
  • Summarizing – Putting the main idea(s) of someone else’s writing into your own words. Page number not required

*** Remember: Each source listed on the reference page must correspond to at least one in-text citation in the body of the paper; each in-text citation must correspond to a source listed on the reference page.

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