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EN1300 Composition II Library Guide

Resources for choosing a topic, finding articles, creating an annotated bibliography, and writing your argumentative essay

Week 3: Argumentative Purpose

Parenthetical or "In-text" Citation for Assignment 03

For Assignment 03: Analyzing Purpose and Strategy, you are asked to choose ONE of the sources that you used for your annotated bibliography last week.
For Part 2 of this assignment, you are to "[I]identify at least two strategies (or text structures) the author uses in the article. Write the name of the strategy and bold it. Underneath it, copy and paste the parts of the text where you see that strategy in use and put quotation marks around it. Place an APA-style parenthetical citation after the quotation marks."
Parenthetical, also called "In-Text" citations:
A parenthetical or in-text citation is found in the body of a research paper. It tells your reader where you found any information or ideas that are not yours. It is a shortened citation in parentheses and includes:
  • the author’s last name,
  • publication year,
  • and the page number (if quoting). 
When is an in-text citation required?
An in-text citation is required whenever you use someone else’s words or ideas:
  • Quoting – Using someone else’s exact words. Be sure to include a page number and place quotation marks around the quotation. If a quote is more than 40 words, use the directions on the page for blocked quotes (or the handout linked below).
  • Paraphrasing – Rephrasing someone’s writing or ideas into your own words. Page number not required but include if it will help your reader locate the relevant information.
Here is an example of an in-text citation for a quotation (like you are asked to use in this assignment):
Research indicates that “people need to focus on their mental health as much as their physical health” (White, 2010, p. 26).
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