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APA Formatting and Style (7th ed.) for Student Papers

NAU Guide to APA

Citations for Secondary Sources

  • When one source cites another source, it is considered a “secondary source.” REFER to the original source and CITE the secondary source. IMPORTANT: When possible, avoid using secondary sources and locate and use the original source. 

Quotation

In Peidmont’s research, those who follow rules tend to “adhere strictly to their ethical principles and scrupulously fulfill their moral obligations” (as cited in Bratton & Strittmatter, 2013, p. 432). 
  •  In an article by Bratton and Strittmatter, they quote another researcher by the name of Peidmont. Bratton and Strittmatter are cited and should be listed on the reference page

Paraphrase/Summary

An early study in the 1990s conducted by Sims showed that people who acted unethically at school later acted unethically at their job (as cited in Bratton & Strittmatter, 2013).
  • In an article by Bratton and Strittmatter, they summarize the work of another researcher by the name of Sims. Bratton and Strittmatter are cited and should be listed on the reference page.
*** Remember: Each source listed on the reference page must correspond to at least one in-text citation in the body of the paper; each in-text citation must correspond to a source listed on the reference page.

 

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