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APA Formatting and Style (7th ed.) for Student Papers

NAU Guide to APA

Citations with a Group Author

  • Often the author of a document or report is not a person but an group. Examples include research organizations and government agencies. 
  • The first time you cite a group author define the abbreviation for the group followed by the date. Example of a parenthetical citation used the first time: (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2020). Subsequent uses of this group author: (CDC, 2020).

Quotation

Narrative:
First citation:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2014) has suggested that one of the ways in which states can promote a healthier lifestyle is by “creating or enhancing access to safe places for physical activity” (p. 4). 
Subsequent citations:
According to the CDC (n.d.) exercise has many benefits and "it also reduces anxiety" (Physical Activity section).
Parenthetical:
First citation:
One of the ways in which states can promote a healthier lifestyle is by “creating or enhancing access to safe places for physical activity” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014, p. 4). 
Subsequent citations:
Exercise has many benefits and "it also reduces anxiety" (CDC, n.d., Physical Activity section).

Paraphrase/Summary

Narrative:
First citation:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014) has suggested that one of the ways in which states can promote a healthier lifestyle is investing in recreational areas that encourage people to be active. 
Subsequent citations:
It is difficult to maintain an exercise routine when social distancing, but the CDC (2020) maintains that it is important to remain physically active.
Parenthetical:
First citation:
One of the ways in which states can promote a healthier lifestyle is investing in recreational areas that encourage people to be active (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). 
Subsequent citations:
It is difficult to maintain an exercise routine when social distancing, but it is important to remain physically active (CDC, 2020).
*** Remember: Each source listed on the reference page must correspond to at least one in-text citation in the body of the paper; each in-text citation must correspond to a source listed on the reference page.
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