Begin the reference list on a new page after the main body of the paper.
Place the section label "References" in bold at the top of the page, centered.
All sources listed on the reference page must be cited somewhere in the paper.
Order references alphabetically by author’s last name (or article title if there is no author).
Double-space the reference list.
Format sources using a hanging indent: First line is flush left, all other lines are indented. In Microsoft Word: Go to the Home tab > Paragraph group settings (click on the small arrow at the bottom right) > in the “Special” drop down menu, select “Hanging indent”
*** Remember: Each source listed on the reference page must correspond to at least one in-text citation in the body of the paper; each in-text citation must correspond to a source listed on the reference page.
List authors in the order they appear in the original source.
Spell out each author’s last name. Use initials for first and middle names.
Be aware that an organization (e.g., National Institutes of Health) or a company (e.g., Amazon Web Services, Inc.) can be an author.
If a source has no author, begin the reference with the title of the source.
Sources with 20 or fewer authors: List all authors.
Sources with 21 or more authors: List first 19 authors, add three ellipses ( . . . ), add last author.
Article, book, and chapter titles
Capitalize ONLY the first word in the title and subtitle (the word that follows a colon or dash).
Capitalize proper nouns in the title.
If a source has no date, use (n.d.) –no date – in place of the date.